CAVITY: Cavities refer to tooth decay, which occur when the bacteria builds up acid in mouth and start to dissolve the enamel layer and it’s underlying layer , the dentin.
Root decay :
Occur when the cavities form on the root surfaces of teeth.
Common type among older adults, who more likely have gum disorder including receding gums.
Smooth- surfaces :
Occurs on the outside flat surfaces of the teeth.
Commonly found on the sides of the mouth and also between the teeth.
The slowest of the cavities to develop an the least common.
Usually this cavities can be problem for people who don’t practice good dental hygiene.
WHATS THE TREATMENT:
Root decay :
To treat root cavities, must start to remove the decay and fill the cavity with a filling.
If the decay already spread to the pulp, the root canal treatment are usually needed.
If the root canal required or the cavity is large, a crown may be recommended.
Pit and fissure :
If this cavity found early, pit and fissure cavities can be treated with sealants or some types of fluoride.
If the cavity becomes deeper, will need to remove the decay and repair the tooth with fillings or possibly root canal treatment and crown.
Fillings typically work well for smaller cavity, but large pit and fissure cavities often require root canal treatment and crown because the tooth decay very deep or the remaining tooth structure is too weak.
Smooth –surfaces :
This cavity is the easiest for any dentist to treat. It will be resolve with the help of fluoride treatment such as gels, toothpaste, varnish or fluoride-enriched water.
If found in between the teeth, fluoride treatments often help unless the cavity has entered the tooth dentin layer in this case filling is necessary.
4. HOW TO PREVENT:
Brush and flossing daily :-
This will help to reduce the amount of dental plaque and bacteria in your mouth.
Preferably, brush after each meal and before going to bed.
Use of fluoride toothpaste :-
Fluoride helps to harden tooth enamel and reduces your risk of decay.
Rinse your mouth :-
Using antibacterial mouth rinse to reduce the leves of bacteria that causes cavities.
Rinse with fluoride-containing mouthwash that have antiseptic can help to kill bacteria that causes dental plaque.
Avoid frequent snacking or sipping :-
Food acids soften tooth material and dissolve the mineral in tooth enamel.
Bacteria in dental plaque change sugar into acids.
The snack can help your mouth bacteria create acids that can destroy tooth enamel and your teeth under constant attack.